Abortion is the most controversial topic of our time. It has been a subject of debate for centuries and has caused much controversy in the world.
The discussion around abortion is often focused on moral, legal, and political aspects. However, one aspect that is not often discussed is its religious implications.
If you’re a Muslim and wondering whether abortion is haram or not, you’re in the right place.
In this blog post, we’ll dive into the topic and answer is abortion haram or halal in Islam considering the Quran and Hadiths and targeting different situations on Abortion.
So let’s clear the doubt with the proof from the Quran and Hadiths.
Is Abortion Haram?
Yes, abortion is haram in Islam. However, there are certain situations where it is permissible according to the Quran and Hadiths.
According to Islamic teachings, abortion is considered as taking a life which is strictly forbidden in Islam.
In the Quran, Allah says “Do not kill your children for fear of poverty; We will provide for them and for you. Indeed, their killing is ever a great sin.” (Quran 17:31)
This verse clearly states that taking the life of an innocent child is a grave sin in Islam and should be avoided at all costs.
For women who are pregnant and considering abortion, it is important to understand that Islam values the life of even an unborn child.
According to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), “After 4 months (120 days) of pregnancy, the soul enters the body, and abortion is considered as taking a life.” (Ibn Majah)
Thus, according to Islamic teachings, aborting a fetus after 4 months is equivalent to killing a human being.
However, before 4 months also it’s haram to get an abortion except in certain situations. So let’s explore those situations in detail.
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When Is Abortion Permissible In Islam?
Although abortion is considered haram in Islam, there are certain cases where it is permissible. These situations include:
When the mother’s life is in danger: In a situation where continuing the pregnancy would put the mother’s life at risk, abortion is allowed according to Islamic teachings before 120 days. The priority here is to save the mother’s life.
Also note that before doing an abortion try to connect with different doctors and get multiple opinions because in many cases it’s possible to save the life of both mother and child.
When the baby passes away in the mother’s womb: In the case of a stillborn or when the fetus has passed away in the mother’s womb, abortion is permissible. This is considered Allah’s will and mercy towards the mother.
However, don’t kill the baby intentionally to make it look like a stillborn or any other false reason, as it is strictly prohibited and considered a major sin in Islam.
In cases of rape or incest: According to Islamic teachings, if a woman becomes pregnant due to rape or incest, she is allowed to have an abortion before 120 days of pregnancy. This is to protect the woman’s physical and mental well-being as she had no choice in becoming pregnant.
However, after 120 days, it is considered as taking a life and thus not permissible.
These are the three main situations in which abortion is allowed in Islam. It’s important to note that these exception cases are only valid before 4 months (120 days) of pregnancy. After that, abortion is considered as taking a life and is strictly prohibited.
And in all the above cases also try to consult with your local scholars or imams for proper guidance and advice.
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When Is Abortion Haram?
Now that we have discussed the situations in which abortion is permissible, let’s look at some cases where it is considered haram in Islam.
When there are no valid reasons: In general, any abortion performed without a valid reason is considered haram in Islam.
This includes aborting a child due to financial constraints or personal preferences like gender selection.
In Islam, every child is considered a blessing and it is the responsibility of parents to provide for their children. So if financial constraints are the reason for considering an abortion, it’s important to remember that Allah is the provider and will take care of the child’s needs.
When there are no health risks for the mother or baby: Aborting a fetus without any valid reason when both the mother and baby are healthy is considered haram in Islam.
If a child is abnormal or having serious health issues: In Islam, it is believed that every child is a gift from Allah and their life should not be taken away just because they may have a disability or medical condition.
Islam teaches compassion towards those with disabilities and that every individual has value regardless of their health circumstances. So aborting a fetus for this reason is considered haram in Islam.
When it is used as a form of birth control: In Islam, birth control is allowed as long as it does not harm the mother or baby. However, using abortion as a form of birth control is strictly prohibited.
Islam promotes responsible family planning and encourages couples to discuss and make decisions together before engaging in physical to prevent unwanted pregnancies.
Tips To Save Yourself From Committing Abortion
As Muslims, we must follow the teachings of Islam and refrain from committing sins. So here are some tips on how you can save yourself from committing abortion:
Educate yourself about Islamic teachings: The first step in avoiding any sin is understanding what Islam teaches us about it. Take the time to learn about abortion and its consequences in Islam to better understand why it is considered haram.
Seek guidance from scholars and imams: If you have any doubts or questions, it’s always beneficial to seek guidance from knowledgeable individuals such as scholars and imams who can provide you with proper advice according to Islamic teachings.
Remember the sanctity of life: Human life is sacred in Islam and taking the life of an innocent is a grave sin. Always remember the value of every human life and seek alternatives to abortion.
Practice responsible family planning: As mentioned earlier, birth control is allowed in Islam as long as it does not harm the mother or baby. Make informed decisions with your spouse to prevent unwanted pregnancies.
Trust in Allah’s plan: In times of difficulty, it’s important to trust in Allah’s plan and have faith that He will provide for you. Seek His guidance and make the best decision for yourself and your family.
Do Donations and Charity: If your pregnancy is in danger due to any reasons and you have no other option than abortion, try to do donations and charity instead. By doing this, Allah may bless you with a healthy child and also protect the life of both mother and child.
Eat healthy and seek proper medical care: Taking care of your health during pregnancy is important to ensure the well-being of both mother and baby. Seek proper medical care and follow a healthy diet to avoid any complications.
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Q. Is Birth Control is allowed in Islam?
A. Yes, birth control is allowed in Islam as long as you’re not having an abortion to prevent pregnancy.
Q. What does Islam say about miscarriages?
A. In Islam, miscarriages are considered part of Allah’s plan and should be accepted with patience and faith. However, if the fetus has passed away in the mother’s womb, it is permissible to have an abortion. It is important to seek forgiveness from Allah if you have any doubts or regrets about the miscarriage.
Q. What does Islam say about pregnancy?
A. In Islam, pregnancy is considered a blessing and a gift from Allah. It is the responsibility of parents to provide for their children and raise them with love, compassion, and proper Islamic teachings. Pregnancy should be celebrated and cherished as it brings new life into the world.
Q. How many months is abortion halal?
A. Abortion is only permissible in Islam before 4 months (120 days) of pregnancy, and only under certain circumstances such as danger to the mother’s life or health, fetal abnormalities, and rape/incest. After this period, abortion is considered haram in Islam as it is seen as taking a life.
In conclusion, abortion is a sensitive topic and one that should be approached with caution and understanding.
While Islam allows for certain exceptions in which abortion is permissible, it also prohibits it under certain circumstances such as using it as a form of birth control or when there are no valid reasons.
It is important to educate ourselves about Islamic teachings regarding abortion and seek guidance from knowledgeable individuals according to your situation before making any decisions. We should always remember the sanctity of life and trust in Allah’s plan for us.
I hope we’ve covered most of your questions regarding abortion and your query is abortion haram or halal is clear now. May Allah guide us all to make the right decisions and protect us from committing any sins.